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historia del templo mayor

historia del templo mayor

Aztekischer RegengottCollection E. Eug. [24], The museum of the Templo Mayor was built in 1987 to house the Templo Mayor Project and its finds—a project which continues work to this day. First of all, it is aligned with the cardinal directions with gates that connect to roads leading in these directions. The entrance of each temple had statues of robust and seated men which supported the standard-bearers and banners of handmade bark paper. Sólo los sacerdotes y las víctimas del sacrificio podían ascender por aquellas escalinatas y llegar a la cúspide del templo, desde donde se podía contemplar la ciudad-isla en todo su esplendor. [10][17], The sacred ballcourt and skull rack were located at the foot of the stairs of the twin temples, to mimic, like the stone disk, where Huitzilopochtli was said to have placed the goddess' severed head. Las más recientes investigaciones arqueológicas llevadas a cabo en las ruinas del Templo Mayor edificio muestran por lo menos siete etapas constructivas, de las cuales sobresale aquella que se realizó durante el gobierno de Huitzilíhuitl, segundo tlatoani de Tenochtitlan. On 21 February 1978, workers for the electric company were digging at a place in the city then popularly known as the "island of the dogs". Their temple, dedicated to the god Tezcatlipoca, lies under the current Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público to the south of the Templo Mayor. One of the sunset dates corresponding to the east–west axis of the late stages, including the last, is 4 April, which in the Julian calendar of the 16th century was equivalent to 25 March. The temple was called the Huēyi Teōcalli [we:ˈi teoːˈkali][1] in the Nahuatl language. Its exact location is on one side of what is now Donceles Street. El objetivo del Templo Mayor. This first temple is only known through historical records, because the high water table of the old lakebed prevents excavation. The Templo Mayor (Spanish for "[the] Greater Temple") was the main temple of the Aztec people in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City. Conoce la historia del Templo Mayor y otras más Templo Mayor Uno de los lugares que se creía perdido desde los tiempos de la colonia, era precisamente el Templo Mayor, mejor conocido como el Huey Teocalli, un importante centro ceremonial mexica que es parte del corazón de la ciudad de México. Alfredo López Austin & Leonardo López Lujan, (2009). It received 801,942 visitors in 2017. Su fachada se o­rien­taba hacia el poniente, por lo que en ese lado de la pirámide se hallaba la doble escalinata enmarcada por cabezas de serpiente en actitud amenazante. Room 2 is dedicated to the concepts of ritual and sacrifice in Tenochtitlan. [10], Construction of the first Templo Mayor began sometime after 1325. Este estaba acompañado de sus parientes más cercanos. Sitio oficial del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Goupil, ParisAncienne Collection J. M. A. Aubin. México antiguo. The lower panel shows processions of armed warriors converging on a zacatapayolli, a grass ball into which the Mexica stuck bloody lancets during the ritual of autosacrifice. Sitio oficial del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. This figure was constructed annually and it was richly dressed and fitted with a mask of gold for his festival held during the Aztec month of Panquetzaliztli. [16], According to tradition, the Templo Mayor is located on the exact spot where the god Huitzilopochtli gave the Mexica people his sign that they had reached the promised land: an eagle on a nopal cactus with a snake in its mouth. [8] The Templo Mayor and Sacred Precinct were demolished and a Spanish church, later the main cathedral, was built on the western half of the precinct. [21][22][23], Another conjoining area was dedicated to the Ocelot Warriors. [13] While Cortes left for Veracruz to confront Spaniards looking to arrest him, Pedro de Alvarado learned of a plan to attack the Spaniards, and staged a pre-emptive attack on the Aztecs in the Sacred Precinct while they celebrated a religious festival. Games were played barefoot, and players used their hips to move a heavy ball to stone rings. De esa etapa se conservan los muros de los adoratorios, el téchcatl o piedra sagrada de los sacrificios y una escultura del Chac-Mool. The great platform was decorated with serpents and braziers, some of which are in the form of monkeys and some in the form of Tlaloc. Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México This room contains urns where dignitaries where interred, funerary offerings, as well as objects associated with self and human sacrifice—such as musical instruments, knives and skulls. Related to Room 6, Room 7 contains exhibits of the agricultural technology of the time, especially in the growing of corn and the construction of chinampas, the so-called "floating gardens". Universes in Universe. [4], On the sides of the Templo Mayor, archeologists have excavated a number of palatial rooms and conjoining structures. He built three shrines and the House of the Eagle Warriors. En su breve recorrido por el Templo Mayor, recinto sagrado de los mexicas, el señor de Huexotzingo seguramente se estremeció al contemplar, muy cerca del templo del Sol naciente, el Huey Tzompantli. Most offerings from the excavations are from this time. Ahí se practicaba este deslumbrante deporte ritual donde se presagiaba el movimiento del Sol por el firmamento. MUSEO DEL TEMPLO MAYOR Las ruinas del Templo Mayor constituyen los restos de la gran Tenochtitlan, capital de los aztecas, ciudad de maravillosos palacios, grandes. [8], On 14 November 1519, Cortes seized the emperor Moctezuma II and ordered the destruction of all the religious relics of the Aztecs. Tlaloc. Representing fire and water respectively, this pair of deities probably symbolized the concept of "burning water," a metaphor for warfare. The first temple was begun by the Aztecs the year after they founded the city, and the temple was rebuilt six times. Lo anterior quedó plenamente corroborado con las excavaciones que siguieron al hallazgo casual de la escultura de Coyolxauhqui y que hoy conocemos como Proyecto Templo Mayor. Therefore, digging down through this temple takes us back in time. [3], Most of the objects found in the Templo Mayor were offerings. These offerings were placed accompanied by complex rituals following set temporal, spatial and symbolic patterns, depending on the intention of the offering. Historia y arte: Ruinas del Templo Mayor y Catedral - Duration: 4:02. [4] Cortés, who had ordered the destruction of the existing capital, had a Mediterranean-style city built on the site. [3][4], The Calmecac was a residence hall for priests and a school for future priests, administrators and politicians, where they studied theology, literature, history and astronomy. Con la llegada de los españoles a Tenochtitlan, la enorme mayoría de los objetos de oro en circulación terminó en los crisoles. [15] This statement has become very famous, as it is the only textual reference known so far that explicitly relates a Mesoamerican temple with astronomical observations. Director del Proyecto Templo Mayor (PTM) del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) desde 1991, ha dedicado su vida al estudio de la política, la religión y el arte de las sociedades prehispánicas del centro de México y a la historia de la arqueología en este país. [3], The Temple of the Sun was located west of the Templo Mayor also and its remains lie under the Metropolitan Cathedral. El Templo Mayor, arquitectura prehispánica en la Ciudad de México, Si tienes la oportunidad de quedarte un tiempo en la colonia Condesa, con fines vacacionales, tal vez desees conocer uno de los lugares mas valiosos para comprender la historia antigua de la Ciudad de México. La historia del Templo Mayor es la dualidad de la vida y la muerte, la de los dioses y mitos encabezados por Tláloc y Huitzilopochtli, cuya esencia aún emerge de las ruinas del antiguo centro ceremonial mexica. Other ceremonial items include musical instruments, jewelry, and braziers for the burning of copal. One of the best preserved and most important is the Palace (or House) of the Eagle Warriors. El templo de Ehécatl, deidad del viento que barría los cielos y atraía la lluvia, se encontraba frente al adoratorio de Tláloc, “deidad fecunda que residía en el Templo Mayor» explicó el arqueólogo Raúl Barrera, supervisor del Programa de Arqueología Urbana (PAU), del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia … [24], Another theme exhibited in this hall is autosacrifice, a ritual that was conducted in private as a personal act of communication with the gods.

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