is catfish a freshwater fish
Horabagridae Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. The IUCN lists this species as Critically Endangered due to overfishing and habitat destruction. When a data filtering method was used to reduce lineage rate heterogeneity (the potential source of bias) on their dataset, a final phylogeny was recovered which showed the Diplomystidae are the earliest-branching catfish, followed by Loricarioidei and Siluroidei as sister lineages. – Extinct family -  There is disagreement on the family status of certain groups; for example, Nelson (2006) lists Auchenoglanididae and Heteropneustidae as separate families, while the All Catfish Species Inventory (ACSI) includes them under other families. If they’re consumed by larger fish, they can even get lodged in the predator’s throat! Trichomycteridae These aquarium catfish spend most of their day scavenging for food. They love hiding out between driftwoods, rocks, and vegetation. , Sound-generating mechanisms are often different between genders. Like other ostariophysans, they are characterized by the presence of a Weberian apparatus. It is particularly cooked in a delicacy popularly known as "catfish pepper soup" which is enjoyed throughout the nation. When they’re not eating, the driftwood will be their safe haven. They’re very active as well, so having that space is important. Like most types of aquarium catfish, this species prefers environments rich with plants and decor.  This is a very important fish communication mechanism, especially during agonistic and distress behaviors. There are many unique looks, varying behavior, and benefits that these creatures can bring to your tank. They reach lengths of 2.5 and 3 feet in captivity. Some consider this species the largest strictly-freshwater fish species, and the largest recorded individual measured 8 feet, 10 inches long.  In numerous catfish species, these fin rays can be used to deliver a stinging protein if the fish is irritated; as many as half of all catfish species may be venomous in this fashion, making the Siluriformes overwhelmingly the vertebrate order with the largest number of venomous species. Bluegill are a widely distributed freshwater panfish. The most commonly eaten species in the United States are the channel catfish and the blue catfish, both of which are common in the wild and increasingly widely farmed. In the second type, the oocytes are conveyed to the exterior through the oviduct. They’re some of the best algae eaters you can get. They grow in large numbers, even sprouting from the top of their head! Ariidae Channel catfish are members of the bullhead catfish family and are a freshwater species that are commonly found in estuarine waters. Don’t let their docile nature fool you! They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. Thus, there is currently both morphological and molecular evidence for a higher-level phylogenetic arrangement of Siluriformes in which Diplomystidae is the earliest branching catfish, sister to a clade including the Loricarioidei and Siluroidei suborders. The Redtail Catfish is another species that only seasoned aquarists should attempt to care for. Stripes of black create a distinct puzzle-like pattern. They aren’t too difficult to care for. This fish is similar to the neon tetra other than coloration. Many species in the catfish family possess an enhanced first pectoral fin ray, called the spine, which can be moved by large abductor and adductor muscles. It’s no wonder why they’re found in so many tanks around the world. Most specimens have dark brown stripes or splotches. The variability in catfish sound signals differs due to a few factors: the mechanism by which the sound is produced, the function of the resulting sound, and physiological differences such as size, sex, and age. The best tank mates for Chinese Algae Eaters are species that stick to the upper parts of the water column. Pseudopimelodidae Some of the largest freshwater fish kept as pets include oscars, discus, plecostomus, and even the common goldfish! , The rate of description of new catfish is at an all-time high. Tropical Freshwater Catfish (Pimelodidae) As far as catfish go, pimelodids are far more "eat 'em uppers" than cleaner uppers, with even small species possessing and utilizing relatively large mouths to suck up their tankmates, particularly at night. For other uses, see, Wang, J., Lu, B., Zan, R., Chai, J., Ma, W., Jin, W., Duan, R., Luo, J., Murphy, R.W., Xiao, H. & Chen, Z. Instead, their base color is light gray. Siluridae Freshwater Fisheries Research; License and Permits.  Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae. Plus, they have elongated flat snouts. Most are omnivores and require a balanced diet of meaty and vegetable based foods. , The wels catfish, Silurus glanis, and the much smaller related Aristotle's catfish are the only catfish indigenous to Europe: the former ranging throughout Europe, and the latter restricted to Greece. With a lifespan of up to 20 years, the Cory Catfish is a communal … More specifically, in long-whiskered catfishes, drumming sounds are used as a threatening signal and stridulations are used as a defense signal. Bumblebee catfish are a unique and fun freshwater fish that we think all aquarists should consider. According to a study by Kaatz, sounds for disturbance (e.g. Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius) cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the United States, and so is referred to as swai or basa Only fish of the family Ictaluridae may be marketed as catfish in the United States.  Thus, the actual number of families differs between authors. Double cones, though present in most teleosts, are absent from catfish. , In Nigeria, catfish is often cooked in a variety of stews. However, several thin stripes of yellow or orange cover the entire body.  Differences in the proportion of drumming versus stridulation sounds depend on morphological constraints, such as different sizes of drumming muscles and pectoral spines.  In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order. These catfish get to be up to 11 inches long. Neither the armour-plated types nor the naked types have scales. While upsidedown swimming is usually a cause for concern with other species, it’s completely normal with these aquarium catfish. Catfish have widely been caught and farmed for food for hundreds of years in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. Lovingly referred to as “dwarf suckers” or “otos,” the Otocinclus Catfish is a popular fish in the aquarium community. Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. (2007). The pH balance of the habitat should be around 5.6 and 7.6. The colors are certainly eye-popping and can be a great indicator of the overall health of the fish. While most studies, both morphological and molecular, agree that catfishes are arranged into three main lineages, the relationship among these lineages has been a contentious point in which morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies differ.  The movement is analogous to a finger moving down the teeth of a comb, and consequently a series of sharp taps is produced. They can occasionally grow to 200 kg (440 lbs), as evidenced by numerous catches. You can individual bones and organs, making them an interesting fish to study.  Catfish is high in vitamin D. Farm-raised catfish contains low levels of omega-3 fatty acids and a much higher proportion of omega-6 fatty acids..  However, a recent study based on molecular data argued that the previous "molecular" hypothesis is the result of phylogenetic artifacts due to a strong heterogeneity in evolutionary rates among siluriform lineages. Andinichthyidae †. There’s no doubt that you’ve seen a Gold Nugget Pleco at some point. Large catfish are a very beautiful and peaceful species that make a wonderful addition to a large community aquarium. When they are fully grown, these fish can reach lengths of 4 feet. From an appearance standpoint, these fish are beautiful. Freshwater Fish If something is listed as sold out and you are interested in getting some please sign up to be notified once it goes back in stock!  However, some families, notably Loricariidae and Astroblepidae, have a suckermouth that allows them to fasten themselves to objects in fast-moving water. Black tetra, skirt tetra: … There’s something about having to wait for an appearance that adds a natural feel to fishkeeping. They’re tough enough to protect themselves when another fish encroaches on their space. A few select species of catfish even like to eat things like wood and algae, while still more are parasitic and live off the blood of other fish, frogs, rodents and even aquatic birds. Big catfish consume a very fish-heavy diet. In the first type, the oocytes are released directly into the coelomic cavity and then eliminated. Florida is the Fishing Capital of the World. The minimum tank size for these fish is 1,000 gallons! They prefer temperatures between 64 and 75 degrees. As long as the temperatures are between 70 and 77 degrees and the water is neutral, you shouldn’t encounter any problems! , The catfish are a monophyletic group. FLATHEAD CATFISH: Lots of these types in Freshwater. Akysidae , Catfish belong to a superorder called the Ostariophysi, which also includes the Cypriniformes, Characiformes, Gonorynchiformes and Gymnotiformes, a superorder characterized by the Weberian apparatus. As you can probably guess from their name, Twig Catfish are masters of disguise. Heteropneustidae Overall, these catfish are peaceful. In 2003, The United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being labeled as catfish. These freshwater catfish have very large heads. Similar plates are found in large specimens of Lithodoras. , Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. Water should be between 75 and 80 degrees with a pH of 6.5. Malapteruridae These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. They thrive in warmer waters between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. In terms of color, these freshwater aquarium catfish can come in a spectrum of shades ranging from shimmering iridescent white to dark black. They are notorious for getting stuck in nets. Learn more here They have been known to get stressed in the presence of other catfish. This is supported by molecular evidence. These aquarium catfish can live up to eight years. A catfish’s diet changes as it grows, with young catfish eating larvae and insects and mature catfish graduating to insects, snails, other fish and fish eggs. If you have the space and know-how to keep these fish, it can be quite rewarding. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. Though, they can get territorial in tight quarters. , Catfish may have up to four pairs of barbels: nasal, maxillary (on each side of mouth), and two pairs of chin barbels, though pairs of barbels may be absent depending on the species. Freshwater catfish are some of the most interesting fish you can keep in your home aquarium, and also among the most industrious. Sisoridae , The occurrence of seminal vesicles, in spite of their interspecific variability in size, gross morphology and function, has not been related to the mode of fertilization. Pair that with their rayed fins and you have the makings of a beautiful fish. However, they are known to exceed 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length and 100 kilograms (220 lb) in weight. "Alternative life-history strategies of catfishes", 10.1894/0038-4909(2007)52[141:ASCPPC]2.0.CO;2, "New Philippine record of South American sailfin catfishes (Pisces: Loricariidae)".  Representatives of at least eight families are hypogean (live underground) with three families that are also troglobitic (inhabiting caves). Call 1-877-367-4377 to order! As for water parameters, the catfish aren’t too picky. Another challenge owners face is providing them with the right food. Luckily, that same behavior doesn’t apply to fish that occupy other parts of the water column.  They are most diverse in tropical South America, Asia, and Africa, with one family native to North America and one family in Europe. Glass Catfish.  Since catfish lacks scales, they are not kosher. They are typically paired, multi-chambered, and connected with the sperm duct, and have been reported to play a glandular and a storage function. Learn more. Plotosidae They prefer warmer waters with a relatively neutral pH balance. With so many different types of aquarium catfish to choose from, we thought it made sense to create a list of our favorites. The body of the catfish is covered in splotches of brown, white, and gray. To keep the Upsidedown Catfish healthy, you will need a 30-gallon tank. It’s just something they like to do! Waters should be kept between 75 and 80 degrees with a pH balance of roughly 6.5 to 7.5. "Discovery of African roots for the Mesoamerican Chiapas catfish, 10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[39:DOARFT]2.0.CO;2, "Phylogenetic classification of bony fishes", Ichthyological Bulletin; No. Although they can survive cold winters in the northern states and can be found throughout most of the U.S., warmwater species will thrive best when water temperatures are around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Conorhynchos Heptapteridae This is especially true if you plan on keeping groups or creating a multi-species community tank. While they’ll eat algae and plant detritus like many other types of catfish, live food and pellets are a must. Free shipping over $149! Though they do require some strict water parameters. They are a big challenge to take care of, so we don’t recommend them for novices or casual hobbyists. incertae sedis , In Asia, many catfish species are important as food. Chinese Algae Eaters come with a bit of a sordid reputation. Catfish are opportunistic eaters as they’ll consume a wide range of food items. Catfish have inhabited all continents at one time or another. The Walking Catfish is an air-breathing freshwater aquarium catfish.  As of 2007[update] there are about 36 extant catfish families, and about 3,093 extant species have been described. Kryptoglanidae They have no problems with other fish and will often retreat at any potential sign of danger. There are a few different species included in the larger Otocinclus family. , Phylogeny of living Siluriformes based on 2017 and extinct families based on Nelson, Grande & Wilson 2016. About 60% of U.S. farm-raised catfish are grown within a 65-mile (100-km) radius of Belzoni, Mississippi. Bluegill. Begin with Freshwater Farms Freshwater Farms processes only U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish that are monitored and tested from the pond to the plate. This is the largest giant Mekong catfish caught since Thai officials started keeping records in 1981. Lacantuniidae Lacantuniidae is included in the Sullivan scheme based on recent evidence that places it sister to Claroteidae. Stings by striped eel catfish have killed people in rare cases. Now that you know about each of the best types of aquarium catfish, it’s time to decide which ones interest you the most! Bagridae Due to these constraints, some fish may not even be able to produce a specific sound. This includes a large head, downturned mouth, and expansive dorsal fin. Their bodies are covered in large sections of white and black. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. With a lifespan of 18 to 25 years, keeping these catfish healthy is a huge commitment. By contrast, in the subfamily Doumeinae (family Amphiliidae) and in hoplomyzontines (Aspredinidae), the armor is formed solely by expanded vertebral processes that form plates. In general, they are negatively buoyant, which means that they will usually sink rather than float due to a reduced gas bladder and a heavy, bony head.